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Hospital beds are the most common durable medical equipment. Despite the name, hospital beds are also used outside of acute hospitals; that is, in rehabilitation institutions, nursing homes, and private residences. The term "patient" refers to a person receiving care in a health care institution or residence (such as a private nursing home or nursing home).So how does a hospital bed work? This article gives an answer.
The following knowledge points are listed below:
Hospital Bed Anatomy & Safety Features
Hospital Bed Mattress Options
Hospital Bed Rails & Safety Devices
The features of the bed frame, such as height and position adjustment, casters, and adjustable bed rails distinguish between hospital beds and standard beds. Modern hospital beds contain a series of safety features designed to prevent falls and pressure injuries, help patients locate and move, and alert nursing staff of potential accidents. The benefits of these safety features can only be realized through proper training of nursing staff and strengthening of safety protocols.
When choosing a hospital bed, the patient's height, weight, mobility, diagnosis and comorbidities must be considered. After determining a bed to meet the patient's anthropometric and capacity needs, the supplier uses risk assessment tools (such as Morse Downscale and Braden Risk Assessment Tool) to determine that a patient needs a special bed and safety features to help prevent injury reduction And/or pressure.
Adjustable height setting is the most basic safety function of hospital beds. Increasing the height of the bed can reduce the need for assistance when the patient stands up from a sitting position. Adjusting the height of the bed can improve the patient's balance ability when sitting on the edge of the bed, and lowering the height of the bed to the lowest position can reduce serious injuries when falling.
Hospital bed frames are usually replaceable in sections. The head of the bed can often be raised independently of the bed section that supports the lower limbs. An additional function can raise the knee part of the bed, thereby preventing the patient from slipping into a listless posture when the head of the bed is raised. The correct posture affects the patient’s breathing quality and is essential for patients who suffer lung damage due to disease, disease or injury. However, when allowing the patient to sit on the edge of the bed, an adjustable setting must be used, as it will cause an uneven surface and affect the sitting balance.
Hospital beds usually have a standard mattress, composed of foam and springs, wrapped in a protective impervious cover. In order to adapt to the needs of specific patients, there are several surface options to choose from. The most common alternative mattress is called "air cushion." "Air cushions are a common intervention for patients with wounds or pressure injuries. The air cushions are usually powered by external blowers to increase or decrease the air pressure in the mattress, thereby adjusting the firmness of the mattress. Properly adjusted, the air cushion can allow the patient to partially "sink" into the air cushion to achieve pressure distribution over a larger surface area of the patient's body. However, when the adjustment is too hard or too soft, the expected benefits of the air cushion may be negated and lead to The development of new or existing stress injuries.
The railing on the hospital bed is adjustable and is usually used to help the patient turn over and reposition, provide a safe grip for the patient, and reduce the risk of fall injury. However, if the patient climbs/rolls over the fence or the fence is not positioned properly, the fence can also cause strangulation and pinching injuries, pressure injuries, and more serious falls. The bed rails are not intended as attachment points for restraints. It is necessary to evaluate by the patient's health care team to determine whether and how to use rails to ensure patient safety.
There are single function hospital bed, double function hospital bed, three function hospital bed, five function hospital bed, eight function hospital bed, ten function hospital bed and multi-function hospital beds.Some hospital beds are manual, some hospital beds are electric type, some of the hospital beds can add scale function, some hospital beds can be used for ICU patients for X-ray examination by C-arm.Most of hospital like to purchase patient bed with overbed table, and bedside cabinet.
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